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Copyright and disclaimer information for publications

Ownership of intellectual property rights

Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 Australia License

With the exception of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms, the MDBA logo, trademarks and any exempt photographs and graphics (these are identified), this publication is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. 

The Australian Government acting through the Murray–Darling Basin Authority has exercised due care and skill in preparing and compiling the information and data in this publication. Notwithstanding, the Murray–Darling Basin Authority, its employees and advisers disclaim all liability, including liability for negligence and for any loss, damage, injury, expense or cost incurred by any person as a result of accessing, using or relying upon any of the information or data in this publication to the maximum extent permitted by law.

The Murray‒Darling Basin Authority’s preference is that you attribute this publication (and any Murray‒Darling Basin Authority material sourced from it) by including the following wording within your work: [TITLE OF THE MDBA WORK YOU ARE CITING] Murray‒Darling Basin Authority Canberra, 2021. CC BY 4.0.


The Murray–Darling Basin Authority makes its documents and information available in accessible formats. On some occasions the highly technical nature of the document means that we cannot make some sections fully accessible. If you encounter accessibility problems or the document is in a format that you cannot access, please contact us.

Acknowledgement of the Traditional Owners of the Murray–Darling Basin

The Murray–Darling Basin Authority acknowledges and pays respect to the Traditional Owners, and their Nations, of the Murray–Darling Basin, who have a deep cultural, social, environmental, spiritual and economic connection to their lands and waters. The MDBA understands the need for recognition of Traditional Owner knowledge and cultural values in natural resource management associated with the Basin.

The approach of Traditional Owners to caring for the natural landscape, including water, can be expressed in the words of the Northern Basin Aboriginal Nations Board:

…As the First Nations peoples (Traditional Owners) we are the knowledge holders, connected to Country and with the cultural authority to share our knowledge. We offer perspectives to balance and challenge other voices and viewpoints. We aspire to owning and managing water to protect our totemic obligations, to carry out our way of life, and to teach our younger generations to maintain our connections and heritage through our law and customs. When Country is happy, our spirits are happy.

This report may contain photographs or quotes by Aboriginal people who have passed away. The use of terms 'Aboriginal' and 'Indigenous' reflects usage in different communities within the Murray–Darling Basin.

Updated: 11 Jan 2021