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Flows in the River Murray System – August 2020

Flows in the River Murray System vary widely depending on a range of factors, including rainfall, inflows, evaporation, and demand for water for human use.

At any given time, water flowing through the river is destined for various uses, including irrigation, industry, communities, the environment, and meeting South Australia’s flow entitlement. The exact mix of these flow components is determined by demand and water availability, amongst other factors.

The graphic below is indicative of how water flow is managed throughout the seasons across a typical year.

Seasonal flow in the River Murray System, highlighting that water for environment flows are lower in summer-autumn, and higher in winter-spring.

  • River operations focus on managing dam storage levels and river system for the following water year
  • River flows are relatively stable
  • Medium demand for consumptive use (irrigation, industry, communities)
  • Water for the environment flows are low
  • Dam storage levels decline 
  • River operations focus on capturing inflows from tributaries and meeting early season demand*
  • River flows are highly variable
  • Lowest demand for consumptive water (irrigation, industry, communities)
  • Water for the environment flows increase
  • Dam storage levels increase
  • River operations aim to capture water inflows and manage dam storage levels for summer demand* 
  • Increasing demand for consumptive water (irrigation, industry, communities)
  • River flows are highly variable
  • Water for the environment flows are highest
  • Dam storage levels increase due to higher inflows 
  • River operations focus on managing water supply to meet large system demand*
  • River flows are relatively stable
  • Highest demand for consumptive water (irrigation, industry, communities)
  • Water for the environment flows decrease
  • Dam storage levels decline

* including meeting South Australia's flow entitlement.

Water for the environment

Overall, water for the environment is a small percentage of the total water used in the Murray–Darling Basin. 

The volume of water for the environment used, under water entitlements has increased slightly over the past five years, as more water became available. The average use over this period was 20.4% of the total water used in the Basin.

Importantly, water held for the environment uses the same entitlement framework as consumptive users. In any given year the amount of water available for delivery to key environmental sites is determined based on the same rules that apply to all other consumptive water uses.

Who holds and manages water for the environment


Flows in the River Murray System

A summary of flow components in the River Murray System

Information in the graphic above is for the month of August 2020 and may not include recent rainfall or delivery of water for the environment in the Murray system. Information in this figure is an average estimate over the past month and formal accounts from Basin state governments may vary. Water for the environment in the figure above represents water that is held by environmental water holders, through entitlements. Other water that flows through the river can also achieve environmental outcomes.

River flow information

Unregulated flows in the River Murray System have continued over the past month, maintaining the average flow to South Australia above entitlement, as rainfall occurred downstream of major storages in the Upper Murray (Hume & Dartmouth) and cannot be stored in Lake Victoria. 

There have been small volumes of water for the environment delivered over the past month, with all environmental return flows coming from the Victorian tributaries.

Intended environmental outcomes

  • Barmah-Millewa Forest – Provide flows in forest waterways to maintain habitat for native fish and turtles, facilitate movement of native fish between creeks and the river and remove accumulated organic matter from the waterways to cycle carbon to the river.
  • Lower Broken Creek – Protect and increase native fish populations and avoid excessive build-up of azolla fern.
  • Goulburn River downstream of Eildon – Protect and boost populations of native fish, maintain abundant and diverse waterbugs and increase water dependent plants in the river channel and banks.
  • Campaspe River – Provide habitat to help protect and increase populations of native fish and maintain resident platypus populations.
  • Gunbower Creek (return flows) – Maintain breeding habitat and food resources for native fish (such as Murray cod).
  • Pyramid Creek – Maintain connectivity between pools and provide habitat for fish and waterbugs.
  • Mullaroo Creek, Lindsay River and Websters Lagoon – Provide flows for fish to swim, feed and breed, increase abundance of wetland plants and provide feeding and breeding habitat for waterbirds.
  • Lower Lakes, Coorong and Murray Mouth (return flows) – Winter barrage releases for fish to migrate and improve water quality and diversity of habitat in the Coorong and manage lake levels.

Sharing River Murray water

For more than 100 years, the states have been sharing the waters of the Murray. The Murray–Darling Basin Agreement sets out the rules negotiated and agreed by New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria and the Australian Government.

The Murray–Darling Basin Authority (MDBA) facilitates the sharing of River Murray water based on the agreed rules. The MDBA determines releases in the River Murray System to meet expected demands from the states. A range of scenarios are considered and these are used to guide operations for the year. As the year unfolds the scenarios and options are updated and operations amended accordingly.

Identifying how much water is available to the states takes into consideration stored water and seasonal weather conditions. Of the available water the MDBA determines conveyance water, critical human water needs and reserve for the next season before it shares water to the states. Each state has developed its own set of entitlement licences and rules around how to allocate their share of water. This means allocations, water orders and delivery of water all work in a different way from state to state.

Updated: 10 Sep 2020